Drug Dev Ind Pharm 2020 Jul 18;46(7):1163-1176. Epub 2020 Jun 18.
Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
Propolis is a natural resinous product and exerts anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of this study is formulation and characterization of solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) encapsulating propolis flavonoids (PFs), intended for topical treatment of skin edema. The nanoparticles were prepared and statistically optimized using Box-Behnken response surface methodology. The release profile of the optimized nanoparticles was investigated. Cytotoxicity of nanoparticles on HSF-PI 18 cell line was determined. Permeation and penetration of nanoparticles across the incised skin were measured. Finally, the nanoparticles were incorporated into a pharmaceutical hydrogel formulation and the efficacy in reduction of skin edema was determined. The size, PdI, zeta potential, entrapment efficiency (EE%) and loading efficiency (LE %) of the optimized nanoparticles were 111.3 ± 19.35 nm, 0.34 ± 0.005, -24.17 ± 3.3 mV, 73.5 ± 0.86%, and 3.2 ± 0.27%, respectively. Data obtained through release study suggested a burst release followed by a prolonged release behavior up to 24 h post incubation time interval. The prepared SLNs exhibited no cytotoxicity on HSF-PI 18 cell line. permeation and penetration study of nanoparticles across the incised skin showed approximately a 2.5-fold and a 3-fold increase in cumulative amount of transport and cumulative amount of skin penetration, respectively. Finally, studies in rat models, showed a threefold reduction in volume of the edema in animals treated with SLNs. The obtained data revealed that the prepared SNs entrapping PFs, exert high skin targeting effects, prolonged anti-inflammatory properties and therefore high efficiency in treatment of skin edema.