Months after the outbreak of a new flu-like disease in China, the entire world is now in a state of caution. The subsequent less-anticipated propagation of the novel coronavirus disease, formally known as COVID-19, not only made it to headlines by an overwhelmingly high transmission rate and fatality reports, but also raised an alarm for the medical community all around the globe. Since the causative agent, SARS-CoV-2, is a recently discovered species, there is no specific medicine for downright treatment of the infection. This has led to an unprecedented societal fear of the newly born disease, adding a psychological aspect to the physical manifestation of the virus. Herein, the COVID-19 structure, epidemiology, pathogenesis, etiology, diagnosis, and therapy have been reviewed.
COVID-19 has managed to infect more than five million people around the world, and is still spreading, in spite of the rigorous precautions taken by different societies. In the wake of this catastrophic pandemic, it should be only appropriate to go back, and try to become familiar with its dynamics, if we are, after all, meant to successfully contain it.
Thanks to my co-authors, this was probably the greatest opportunity I had in the last couple of months to author a paper around the most discussed topic in the third decade of the 21st century yet, the coronavirus disease 2019.Milad Shirvaliloo
J Cell Physiol 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.
Material Engineering Department, College of Science Koç University, Istanbul, Turkey.
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