ERJ Open Res 2020 Apr 11;6(2). Epub 2020 May 11.
Pulmonary Hypertension Program, Dept of Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Background: Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a rare, progressive vascular disease with poor prognosis if left untreated. This study aims to assess the patient characteristics, treatment approach and clinical and survival outcomes for CTEPH patients enrolled in the Systematic Prospective Follow Up for Better Understanding of Clinical Characteristics of Patients with Pulmonary Hypertension Disease (SAUDIPH) registry.
Methods: This study presents a subanalysis of CTEPH patients enrolled in the SAUDIPH registry. This registry enrolled patients with pulmonary hypertension, established through right heart catheterisation, under clinical management at a specialised tertiary care centre. Patients received standard care during the period of the registry.
Results: At the time of this analysis, 64 CTEPH patients were enrolled in the registry. Mean age at diagnosis was 39.7 years and there was a female predominance (67.6%). At baseline, most patients were in World Health Organization functional classes III or IV (70.1%). At the last follow-up visit, most patients (63.2%) had undergone endarterectomy, showing significant improvement in disease severity from baseline. Patients who underwent endarterectomy showed numerically higher (p=0.126) probability of survival at 1 year (97.5%) those who did not undergo endarterectomy (94.4%).
Conclusion: Patients were diagnosed at relatively young age, but still showed high disease severity, suggesting delay in diagnosis. Patients who underwent surgical treatment showed substantial improvements in clinical and haemodynamic parameters, while the remaining patients tended to show disease progression. The 96.6% 1-year cumulative probability of survival was high compared to previous studies.