The diverse behavior of nanogold in the therapeutic field is related to its unique size and shape. Nanogold offers improvements in modern diagnostic and therapeutic implications, increases disease specificity and targeted drug delivery, and is relatively economical compared with other chemotherapeutic protocols. The diagnosis of cancer and photothermal therapy improve drastically with the implementation of nanotechnology. Different types of nanoparticles, that is, gold silica nanoshells, nanorods and nanospheres of diverse shapes and geometries, are used widely in the photothermal therapy of cancerous cells and nodules. Numerous reviews have been published on the therapeutic applications of gold nanoparticles, but studies on combinatorial applications of nanogold in cancer therapy are limited. This review focuses on the combinatorial cancer therapy using optical properties of nanogold with different shapes and geometries, and their therapeutic applications in cancer diagnosis, photothermal therapy, cancer imaging and targeted drug delivery.