Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets 2020 May 3. Epub 2020 May 3.
Counseling and Reproductive Health Research Centre, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan. Iran.
Background: We hypothesized that SKA2 gene can convert hemoglobin F to A leading to the maturity of the hematopoietic system by glucocorticoid hormone; so, the present study aimed to investigate the health outcome of newborns by using the effect of SKA2 gene on hematopoietic maturation.
Methods: At first, 142 samples were divided into term and preterm. After sampling from the umbilical cord blood, the expression of SKA2 genes and HbA and F were evaluated by quantitative RT-PCR. The blood gases were measured by Campact 3 device. Finally, cortisol level was measured by ELISA method and HbA and F levels were investigated by capillary electrophoresis.
Results: The blood gases and Apgar scores was more favorable in term newborns (P <0.001). Levels of protein/expression of HbF in newborns with Apgar score greater than 7 was lower than that of the newborns with Apgar score below 7 (P <0.001). Cortisol and HbA levels were considerably higher in term newborns compared to the preterm ones (P <0.001). In the preterm and term groups, SKA2 gene expression had a positive and significant relationship with cortisol and HbA levels as well as a negative relationship with HbF level. In the preterm group, a positive and significant relationship was observed between the expression of SKA2 and HbF genes.
Conclusion: The results revealed that the SKA2 gene affected on hematopoietic maturation in preterm and term newborns and the health outcome of newborns improved by increasing HbA level.