Clin Nutr ESPEN 2020 Jun 19;37:148-156. Epub 2020 Mar 19.
Nutritional Health Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran. Electronic address:
Background & Aims: We aimed to investigate the effect of the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) on cardiovascular risk factors in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
Method: A systematic search was performed in Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane library and PubMed databases to find randomized controlled trials (RCTs) related to the effect of the MedDiet in patients with NAFLD, up to July, 2019. There was no language and time limitation. Meta-analyses were performed using both the random and fixed effects model where appropriate, and I2 index was used to evaluate the heterogeneity.
Results: Primary search yielded 467 publications. Five RCTs were eligible. Our meta-analysis indicated that the MedDiet resulted in a significant decrease in serum levels of triglyceride and total cholesterol, and a decrease in body weight and HOMA-IR in comparison to a control diet, in NAFLD patients. Whereas, there were no significant improvement in the MedDiet group compared with the control group regarding other variables such as liver enzymes and blood pressure.
Conclusions: This meta-analysis indicated the advantageous effects of the MedDiet on some cardiovascular risks factors, as compared with a control diet. It seems that the MedDiet can be considered as an appropriate strategy to reduce cardiovascular risk factors in NAFLD patients.