Psychiatr Danub 2020 ;32(1):137-138
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Psychiatry, University of Pisa, Via Roma 57, 56100, Pisa, Italy.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Sep;35(9):1167-1171
Department of Orthopedics, the Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou Sichuan, 646000, P.R.China.
Objective: To investigate the effects of gender and age on the posterior cranial fossa linear volume and cerebellar tonsil position in normal populations.Methods: A total of 180 normal adults who underwent cervical MRI examination at the physical examination center were selected, including 90 males and 90 females; the age ranged from 20 to 79 years, with an average of 50.4 years. Read More
Neonatal Netw 2021 Aug;40(5):313-320
Arnold-Chiari malformation (ACM), a defect that involves downward displacement of the hindbrain and herniation of the cerebellar vermis, tonsils, pons, medulla, and fourth ventricle through the foramen magnum, is the most complex of the 4 types of Chiari malformations. Unique to the other types of Chiari malformations, approximately 95 percent of infants with ACM also present with an associated myelomeningocele (MMC), the most severe form of spina bifida. Among affected infants, those with symptomatic comorbidities incur a significantly higher morbidity and mortality risk. Read More
BMJ Case Rep 2021 Sep 7;14(9). Epub 2021 Sep 7.
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Malaya, Faculty of Medicine, Kuala Lumpur, WP Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Paediatric upper airway obstruction is an emergency that requires immediate intervention. Among the myriad factors that leads to upper airway obstruction in paediatric age group, bilateral vocal cord palsy is not commonly encountered in clinical practice. The underlying cause of bilateral vocal cord palsy requires thorough investigation prior to deciding on the appropriate intervention. Read More
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2021 ;121(8):119-124
Sverzhevskiy Otorhinolaryngology Healthcare Research Institute, Moscow, Russia.
The review article provides a definition and classification of different nystagmus types, a comparative description of the central and peripheral vestibular nystagmus. The pathogenetic patterns of up-beating and down-beating nystagmus are accurately described. The features of nystagmus formation in various diseases are discussed, such as Wernicke encephalopathy, Arnold-Chiari anomaly, spinocerebellar ataxia and vestibular migraine. Read More
Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2021 09;100(9):e129-e130
From the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rutgers University-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey (JRB); Center for Ventilator Management Alternatives and Pulmonary Rehabilitation of the University Hospital of Newark, Newark, New Jersey (JRB); and St. George's University School of Medicine, Grenada, West Indies (AP).
Abstract: Mechanical insufflation exsufflation creates cough flows to clear central airways secretions for patients with ineffective cough flows. At times, patients with even potentially effective spontaneous cough flows can have pain that prevents effective coughing. We describe a patient with Arnold-Chiari syndrome, syringomyelia, and hydrocephalus who had nine episodes of pneumonia through the age of 9 yrs, and cough associated headaches, who upon using mechanical insufflation exsufflation had no subsequent pneumonias for at least the next 17 yrs and no headaches when using it for coughing. Read More