Ann Thorac Surg 2020 07 6;110(1):236-240. Epub 2020 Mar 6.
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, New York University Langone Health, New York, New York.
Background: Our objectives are to report our outcomes and to demonstrate our evolving technique for robotic sleeve resection of the airway, with or without lobectomy, using video vignettes.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed a single-surgeon prospective database from October 2010 to October 2019.
Results: Over 9 years, of 5573 operations 1951 were planned for a robotic approach. There were 755 robotic lobectomies and 306 robotic segmentectomies, and 23 consecutive patients were scheduled for elective completely portal, robotic sleeve resection. Sleeve lobectomy was performed in 18 patients: 10 right upper lobe, 6 left upper lobe, and 2 right lower lobe. Two patients had mainstem bronchus resections and 2 underwent right bronchus intermedius resections that preserved the entire lung. One patient had a robotic pneumonectomy. One operation was converted to open thoracotomy because of concern for anastomotic tension in a patient who received neoadjuvant therapy. All patients had an R0 resection. In the last 10 operations we modified our airway anastomosis, using a running self-locking absorbable suture. The median length of hospital stay was 3 days (range, 1-11), with no 30- or 90-day mortalities. Within a median follow-up of 18 months, there were no anastomotic strictures and no recurrent cancers.
Conclusions: Our early and midterm results show that a completely portal robotic sleeve resection is safe and oncologically effective. Trhe technical aspects of a robotic sleeve resection of the airway are demonstrated using video vignettes.