Combination of low intensity electromagnetic field with chondrogenic agent induces chondrogenesis in mesenchymal stem cells with minimal hypertrophic side effects.

Electromagn Biol Med 2020 Apr 4;39(2):154-165. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Stemcell Technology Research Center, Tehran, Iran.

: There are different methods to develop neo-chondral tissues from adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs). Application of electromagnetic field (EMF) on ADSCs is one of popular approaches, which results in chondrogenesis. If chondrogenic impact of EMF on ADSCs is supposed to be generalized as a protocol in translational medicine field, possible emergence of early or late hypertrophic maturation, mineralization and inflammatory side effects in chondrogenically differentiating ADSCs should be considered.: The advent of chondrogenic and hypertrophic markers by differentiated cells under standard, platelet-rich plasma (PRP)-based or EMF treatments were monitored. Along with monitoring the expressions of chondrogenic markers, inflammatory and hypertrophic markers, VEGF/TNFα secretion, calcium deposition and ALP activity were evaluated.: Accordingly, treatment with %5 PRP results in higher GAG production, enhanced transcription, lowered TNFα and VEGF secretions compared to other treatments. Although PRP up-regulates and in early and late stages of chondrogenesis, respectively, application of EMF + PRP down regulates and while up-regulates and expression.: Comparing our results with previous reports suggests that presented EMF-ELF in this study with = 50 Hz, EMF intensity of less than 30 mT, and 5% PRP (v/v), would facilitate chondrogenesis via mesenchymal stem cells with minor inflammation and hypertrophic maturation. MSCs: mesenchymal stem cells; TGFβ: transforming growth factor-beta; PRP: platelet-rich plasma; ELF-EMF: extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields; GAGs: glycosaminoglycans; ADSCs: adipose-derived stem cells; VEGF: vascular endothelial growth factor; TNFα: tumor necrosis factor alpha; ALP: alkaline phosphatase.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15368378.2020.1737809DOI Listing
April 2020

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