J Hum Genet 2020 May 3;65(5):493-496. Epub 2020 Mar 3.
Molecular Neuropsychiatry & Development (MiND) Lab, Campbell Family Mental Health Research Institute, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, Canada.
Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type II (HSANII) is a rare, recessively inherited neurological condition frequently involving insensitivity to pain. The subtype, HSAN2A, results from mutations in the gene WNK1. We identified a consanguineous Pakistani family with three affecteds showing symptoms of HSANII. We performed microarray genotyping, followed by homozygosity-by-descent (HBD) mapping, which indicated several significant HBD regions, including ~6 Mb towards the terminus of chromosome 12p, spanning WNK1. Simultaneously, we performed whole exome sequencing (WES) on one of the affected brothers, and identified a homozygous 1 bp insertion variant, Chr12:978101dupA, within exon 10. This variant, confirmed to segregate in the family, is predicted to truncate the protein (NM_213655.4:c.3464delinsAC; p.(Thr1155Asnfs*11) and lead to nonsense-mediated mRNA decay of the transcript. Previous studies of congenital pain insensitivity/HSANII in Pakistani families have identified mutations in SCN9A. Our study identified a previously unreported WNK1 mutation segregating with congenital pain insensitivity/HSANII in a Pakistani family.