J Pak Med Assoc 2020 Feb;70(2):243-247
Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.
Objective: To determine the clinical and biochemical pattern of parathyroid disorders in a tertiary care setting..
Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from September 2017 to February 2018, and comprised patients with suspected parathyroid disorders. A panel of biochemical tests were used for diagnosis of parathyroid disorders, which included parathyroid hormone levels, total calcium, ionized calcium, inorganic phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, magnesium, total vitamin D and urinary calcium-to-creatinine ratio. SPSS 24 was used for data analysis.
Results: Of the 384 subjects, 248(65%) were male and 136(35%) were female. Overall mean age was 48±19years. Of the total, 302(786%) had parathyroid issues, with 244(81%) having secondary hyperparathyroidism. Mean serum total calcium, phosphorus, ionized calcium, magnesium and total vitamin D were 8.98±1.52 mg/dl, 4.0±1.30 mg/dl, 4.65±0.52 mg/dl, 2.11±0.27 mg/dl and 20.5±8.52 ngml respectively. Of the patients diagnosed with secondary hyperparathyroidism, 72.2% patients had chronic kidney disease and 20.2% had isolated vitamin D deficiency.
Conclusions: Parathyroid disorders had significant impact on bone health. Moreover, secondary hyperparathyroidism was seen to be emerging as a major endocrine problem, especially in chronic kidney disease patients and vitamin D-deficient individuals.