Mitochondria have been recognized as important targets in cancer therapy due to their role in the respiratory process of cells. One approach employed for mitochondrion targeting is conjugation of a delocalized cation such as triphenylphosphonium (TPP), with antineoplastic agents, for instance paclitaxel (PTX). In cell cytoplasm, TPP-PTX can come close to mitochondria due to its high positive charge, which has a strong tendency toward the enhanced negative charge of mitochondria. The esteric bond of TPP-PTX can break down in the acidic environment of tumor cells and release the PTX, which can act directly on mitochondria to kill tumor cells. TPP-PTX was synthesized in three steps: Succinic anhydride (SUC) reacted with PTX to achieve succinyl paclitaxel (SUC-PTX), which has an acid-labile esteric bond. Then 2-triphenylphosphonium ethylammonium (ATPP) was prepared by attaching 2-bromoethylammunium bromide to TPP. Finally, a TPP-PTX prodrug was synthesized by attaching these materials. The products of all steps were characterized by thin-layer chromatography (TLC), infrared spectroscopy (IR), and nuclear magnetic resonance (H NMR, C NMR). The purity of the products was determined by HPLC methods. TPP-PTX, as a prodrug, was loaded in to human serum albumin (HSA) nanoparticles by a method inspired by nab-technology with 130-160 nm particle size distribution, PdI=0.166 and Zeta potential -12.6 mV.