Ophthalmologica 2007 ;221(2):118-31
Department of Ophthalmology, Philipps University, Marburg, Germany.
Purpose: To review current treatment approaches in diabetic macular edema (DME).
Methods: The underlying pathopathology, classifications and diagnostic examination techniques including fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography and stereoscopic biomicroscopy. Treatment modalities with focal or grid argon laser photocoagulation, pars plana vitrectomy with and without peeling of the inner limiting membrane (ILM), as well as intravitreal injections using triamcinolone acetonide or novel vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors are described. Read More