J Cancer Res Ther 2019 Oct-Dec;15(6):1370-1376
Department of Radiotherapy, Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India.
Purpose: High Dose Rate (HDR) remote afterloading brachytherapy machine and advanced treatment planning system have made it possible to make variations in individual dwell times across a catheter according to tumour density and for sparing normal structures. New inverse planning technique such as Inverse Planning Simulated Annealing (IPSA) has also been introduced. But very few institutions are venturing towards volume based IPSA optimised intracavitary brachytherapy. This study focuses on dwell time deviation constraint (DTDC) feature of IPSA based optimization which restricts the large variation of dwell time across the catheter.
Methods And Material: For this retrospective study we have generated IPSA optimised intracavitary brachytherapy plans for 20 cancer cervix applications. The initial DTDC value of each IPSA plan was kept 0.0. Later on gradual increment was made in DTDC values in step of 0.2. Plan modulation index (M) defined by Ryan L. Smith et al was used for characterising the variation of dwell time modulation with respect to gradual increase in DTDC parameter.
Results: Plan modulation index gradually decreases with increasing value of DTDC from 0.0 to 1.0. There was the 83% decrease in M value from IPSA of DTDC 0.0 to fully constrained IPSA of DTDC1.0. There is reduction of 8.26% and 6.95% for D2cc values of rectum and bladder respectively for DTDC 1.0 compared to DTDC 0.0.
Conclusions: One of the benefits of applying DTDC constrained in IPSA plan is that, it removes local hot spots. It's another advantage is the reduction in rectum and bladder dose.