Adv Exp Med Biol 2020 ;1217:173-186
Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
Posttranslational protein modifications play an important role in regulating protein stability and cellular function. There are at least eight Cullin family members. Among them, Cullin-2 forms a functional E3 ligase complex with elongin B, elongin C, RING-box protein 1 (RBX1, also called ROC1), as well as the substrate recognition subunit (SRS) to promote the substrate ubiquitination and degradation. In this book chapter, we will review Cullin-2 E3 ligase complexes that include various SRS proteins, including von Hippel Lindau (pVHL), leucine-rich repeat protein-1 (LRR-1), preferentially expressed antigen of melanoma (PRAME), sex-determining protein FEM-1 and early embryogenesis protein ZYG-11. We will focus on the VHL signaling pathway in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), which may reveal various therapeutic avenues in treating this lethal cancer.