Sex Transm Dis 2020 03;47(3):162-164
From the Unidad Clínica de Enfermedades Infecciosas y MicrobiologÍa (UCEIM), Valme University Hospital.
Background: The early identification of the Chlamydia trachomatis variants that cause lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is very important to establish an adequate antibiotic treatment. This identification should be made with molecular techniques that are easy to perform and accessible to most microbiology laboratories. The objective of this study was to evaluate 2 real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assay (VIASURE Haemophilus ducreyi + C. trachomatis (LGV) real-time PCR detection kit and the Allplex Genital ulcer Assay) for the detection of LGV in rectal samples.
Materials And Methods: Prospective study on positive rectal samples for C. trachomatis. All samples were processed in parallel by both tests. As a molecular reference method and to solve possible discrepancies between both assays, a PCR-based restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of the major outer membrane protein gene (omp1) was used.
Results: In total, we detected 157 positive rectal samples for C. trachomatis, of which 36 were identified as LGV by PCR-based restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. The positive percent agreement, negative percent agreement, and overall percent agreement were 88.9%, 100%, and 97.3%, respectively, for the Allplex Genital ulcer assay and 91.6%, 100%, and 97.1%, respectively, for the VIASURE assay. In the direct comparison between the Seegene assay and the VIASURE assay, we obtained a kappa concordance index of 0.98 between both tests.
Conclusions: According to the results obtained, both tests could be used for the detection of LGV in rectal samples.