A Complexed Initiating System AlCl·Phenetole/TiCl·HO with Dominant Synergistic Effect for Efficient Synthesis of High Molecular Weight Polyisobutylene.

Polymers (Basel) 2019 Dec 17;11(12). Epub 2019 Dec 17.

College of Materials and Energy, South China Agricultural University, Wushan Road 483, Guangzhou 510630, China.

A complexed initiating system AlCl·phenetole/TiCl·HO was prepared by simply compounding AlCl/phenetole and TiCl/HO and used for cationic polymerization of isobutylene. It was found AlCl·phenetole/TiCl·HO exhibited activities 1.2-3 times higher than those of AlCl/phenetole, and more than an order of magnitude higher than those of TiCl/HO, which indicated a notable synergistic effect produced in the complexed system. In addition, due to the higher activity of AlCl·phenetole/TiCl·HO, lower coinitiator concentration and polymerization temperature, as well as higher monomer concentration were more favored for this complexed initiating system to produce polyisobutylene (PIB) with reasonable molecular weight (M) and molecular weight distribution (MWD). Furthermore, high molecular weight polyisobutylene (HPIB) with M = 1-3 × 10 g·mol could be successfully produced by the complexed catalyst system at T = -60 to -40 °C. As a whole, the high activity as well as the simple preparation procedures of the complexed initiating system offer us a unique approach for the production of HPIB with improved efficiency.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/polym11122121DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6960821PMC
December 2019

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