Evaluation of an Age-Friendly City and Its Effect on Life Satisfaction: A Two-Stage Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 12 12;16(24). Epub 2019 Dec 12.

Department of Developmental, Educational and Social Psychology and Methodology. Universitat Jaume I, Castellón 12071, Spain.

Due to the ageing of the world's population, age-friendly cities are emerging to promote active ageing by optimising opportunities for health, participation and safety, in order to improve the quality of life of older people. Despite initiatives in different countries, there is a lack of empirical research exploring their impact on older people. The objective of this study is to evaluate an age-friendly city by analysing its relationship with life satisfaction, taking into account the age cohort variables of the elderly and whether they live alone or with someone else. A two-stage study, in which 66 subjects participated in the qualitative analysis (focus groups) in Stage I and 203 of the quantitative analysis (survey methodology) or Stage II. Despite the differences found in the different groups of elderly persons, for all of them the domains of outdoor spaces and buildings, and community support and health services, are significantly related to life satisfaction, with the latter showing itself to be a predictor of such satisfaction. It is important to take into account the different groups of elderly persons, so as to be able to establish suitable specific actions. This study aims to make a contribution to the development of public policies that influence the life satisfaction of the elderly.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16245073DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6950445PMC
December 2019

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