Outcomes of 4 years of molecular genetic diagnosis on a panel of genes involved in premature aging syndromes, including laminopathies and related disorders.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2019 12 11;14(1):288. Epub 2019 Dec 11.

Department of Medical Genetics, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Marseille, Marseille, France.

Background: Segmental progeroid syndromes are a heterogeneous group of rare and often severe genetic disorders that have been studied since the twentieth century. These progeroid syndromes are defined as segmental because only some of the features observed during natural aging are accelerated.

Methods: Since 2015, the Molecular Genetics Laboratory in Marseille La Timone Hospital proposes molecular diagnosis of premature aging syndromes including laminopathies and related disorders upon NGS sequencing of a panel of 82 genes involved in these syndromes. We analyzed the results obtained in 4 years on 66 patients issued from France and abroad.

Results: Globally, pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants (ACMG class 5 or 4) were identified in about 1/4 of the cases; among these, 9 pathogenic variants were novel. On the other hand, the diagnostic yield of our panel was over 60% when the patients were addressed upon a nosologically specific clinical suspicion, excepted for connective tissue disorders, for which clinical diagnosis may be more challenging. Prenatal testing was proposed to 3 families. We additionally detected 16 variants of uncertain significance and reclassified 3 of them as benign upon segregation analysis in first degree relatives.

Conclusions: High throughput sequencing using the Laminopathies/ Premature Aging disorders panel allowed molecular diagnosis of rare disorders associated with premature aging features and genetic counseling for families, representing an interesting first-level analysis before whole genome sequencing may be proposed, as a future second step, by the National high throughput sequencing platforms ("Medicine France Genomics 2025" Plan), in families without molecular diagnosis.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13023-019-1189-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6907233PMC
December 2019

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