Semin Radiat Oncol 2020 01;30(1):29-38
Department of Radiation and Cellular Oncology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL.
An interstitial brachytherapy approach for gynecologic cancers is typically considered for patients with lesions exceeding 5 mm within tissue or that are not easily accessible for intracavitary applications. Recommendations for treating gynecologic malignancies with this approach are available through the American Brachytherapy Society, but vary based on available resources, staffing, and logistics. The intent of this manuscript is to share the collective experience of 3 academic centers that routinely perform interstitial gynecologic brachytherapy. Discussion points include indications for interstitial implants, procedural preparations, applicator selection, anesthetic options, imaging, treatment planning objectives, clinical workflows, timelines, safety, and potential challenges. Interstitial brachytherapy is a complex, high-skill procedure requiring routine practice to optimize patient safety and treatment efficacy. Clinics planning to implement this approach into their brachytherapy practice may benefit from considering the discussion points shared in this manuscript.