Hum Pathol 2020 Jan 6;95:149-160. Epub 2019 Nov 6.
Melanoma Institute Australia, The University of Sydney, North Sydney, NSW, Australia; Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia; New South Wales Health Pathology, Camperdown 2050, NSW, Australia; Tissue Pathology and Diagnostic Oncology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, 2020, NSW, Australia. Electronic address:
Since it was first recognized as a disease entity more than two centuries ago, advanced melanoma has, until recently, followed a very aggressive and almost universally fatal clinical course. However, over the past 50 years crucial ground breaking research has greatly enhanced our understanding of the etiology, risk factors, genomic pathogenesis, immunological interactions, prognostic features and management of melanoma. It is this combined body of work which has culminated in the exciting improvements in patient outcomes for those with advanced melanoma over the last ten years. In this the 50th anniversary of Human Pathology, we highlight the key developments in melanoma over this period.