Neuroscience 2019 12 2;422:54-64. Epub 2019 Nov 2.
Department of Biochemistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; Research Center for Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address:
The pancreatic peptide, Amylin (AMY), reportedly affects nociception in rodents. Here, we investigated the potential effect of AMY on the tolerance to morphine and on the expression of BDNF at both levels of protein and RNA in the lumbar spinal cord of morphine tolerant rats. Animals in both groups of control and test received a single daily dose of intrathecal (i.t.) morphine for 10 days. Rats in the test group received AMY (1, 10 and 60 pmoles) in addition to morphine from days 6 to10. Morphine tolerance was established at day 5. AMY alone showed enduring antinociceptive effects for 10 days. Real-Time PCR, western blotting and ELISA were used respectively to assess levels of BDNF transcripts and their encoded proteins. Rats tolerant to i.t. morphine showed increased expression of exons I, IV, and IX of the BDNF gene, and had elevated levels of pro-BDNF and BDNF protein in their lumbar spinal cord. AMY, when co-administered with morphine from days 6 to 10, reversed morphine tolerance and adversely affected the morphine-induced expression of the BDNF gene at both levels of protein and mRNAs containing exons I, IV and IX. AMY alone increased levels of exons I and IV transcripts. Levels of pro-BDNF and BDNF proteins remained unchanged in the lumbar spinal cord of rats treated by AMY alone. These results suggest that i.t. AMY not only abolished morphine tolerance, but also reduced the morphine induced increase in the expression of both BDNF transcripts and protein in the lumbar spinal cord.