Clin Lung Cancer 2020 Jan 1;21(1):e10-e14. Epub 2019 Oct 1.
Department of Biochemistry, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Nantes, Nantes, France.
Background: Osimertinib, a third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is a new therapeutic option in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutated non-pretreated advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The tumor escape mechanisms after first-line treatment with osimertinib are partially known; most of the data being obtained by analysis of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) from the FLAURA phase III trial.
Study Design: The MELROSE study, a French multicentric, open label, phase II trial (ClinicalTrials.govNCT03865511) plans to enroll 150 patients with treatment-naive advanced EGFR-mutated (L858R or exon 19 deletion) NSCLC, age ≥ 18 years, with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0 or 1. All patients will receive osimertinib at the dose of 80 mg/d. Tumor assessment according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria will be performed every 3 months, with brain and thoracoabdominal computed tomographic scan. The continuation of osimertinib is at the discretion of the referring physician, particularly if clinical benefit is observed. The primary objective is the genetic tumor profile, both on tissue biopsy and ctDNA analyses, at the time of disease progression. Other endpoints include kinetic studies of ctDNA, biological progression-free survival (bPFS) (time from first study dose to first biological event on ctDNA), median PFS according to RECIST criteria 1.1 (called radiological [r] PFS), and median clinical (c) PFS (time from the first study dose to off-osimertinib). This study started in April 2019, and 18 centers in France are participants.