J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2019 11 14;17(11):1165-1167. Epub 2019 Oct 14.
Department of Dermatology and Allergy Biederstein, University hospital of the Technical University Munich (TUM), Munich, Germany.
Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2021 Jul 31. Epub 2021 Jul 31.
Department of Neurosurgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA.
Acute carotid terminus occlusion (CTO) is responsible for up to 5% of acute ischemic strokes secondary to emergent large vessel occlusion (ELVO) and up to 20% of acute internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusions.1 The term "CTO" has also been used to describe occlusions in the supra-clinoid segment or at the bifurcation of the ICA. Compared to other ELVOs, patients with CTO present with higher stroke severity and larger infarct volume, likely to be a result of disruption of direct Circle of Willis collaterals across the anterior communicating artery (AComA) and posterior communicating artery (PComA). Read More
Am J Emerg Med 2021 Jul 27;50:106-110. Epub 2021 Jul 27.
Anesthesia and Surgical Intensive Care Department, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
Background: This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of pulse oximetry-derived oxygen saturation (SpO) on room air, determined at hospital admission, as a predictor for the need for mechanical ventilatory support in patients with Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19).Methods: In this retrospective observational study, demographic and clinical details of the patients were obtained during ICU admission. SpO and respiratory rate (RR) on room air were determined within the first 6 h of hospital admission. Read More
Environ Pollut 2021 Jul 26;289:117848. Epub 2021 Jul 26.
Department of Ecology and Genetics, Section of Animal Ecology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvägen 18D, 75236, Uppsala, Sweden.
There is growing evidence of widespread contamination of freshwater ecosystems with microplastics. However, the effects of chronic microplastic ingestion and its interaction with other pollutants and stress factors on the life-history traits and the host-microbiome of aquatic invertebrates are not well understood. This study investigates the effects of exposure to sediment spiked with 1 μm polystyrene-based latex microplastic spheres, an environmentally realistic concentration of a pyrethroid pesticide (esfenvalerate), and a combination of both treatments on the life-history traits of the benthic-dwelling invertebrate, Chironomus riparius and its microbial community. Read More
Physiol Behav 2021 Jul 28:113540. Epub 2021 Jul 28.
Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr, San Diego, CA 92093 USA; Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr, San Diego, CA 92093 USA; Herbert Wertheim School of Public Health and Human Longevity Science, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr, San Diego, CA 92093 USA.
Obesity is associated with a multitude of negative health sequalae. Behavioral weight loss (BWL) is currently the recommended behavioral treatment for obesity; however, it is not effective for approximately half of the individuals who participate. BWL requires individuals to carry out many tasks requiring executive function (EF; i. Read More
Ann Thorac Surg 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.
Thoracic Surgery Unit, Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences and Public Health, University of Padova, Via N. Giustiniani, 2 35121 Padova, Italy.
Background: Successful postoperative pain management after major lung resection surgery is mostly achieved through intravenous administration of analgesic drugs. This study explored the use of sublingual sufentanil cartridges (Zalviso) as a noninvasive alternative to post-operative analgesia.Methods: From July 2019 to April 2020, patients who underwent major thoracoscopic lung resection surgery were randomly allocated to receive either intravenous pain management, or patient controlled analgesia via the Zalviso system. Read More