Eur J Med Genet 2019 Oct 9:103784. Epub 2019 Oct 9.
Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, CHU Sainte-Justine Hospital, University of Montreal, Montreal, Canada. Electronic address:
Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED) is a genetically and clinically heterogeneous disease with both dominant and recessive inheritance. Eight different genes are known to cause the disease but in 15% of cases of MED, no mutation is found. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) is a crucial regulator of bone formation and when mutated, can cause diseases with skeletal manifestations; nevertheless, MED has not been described in individuals with FGFR1 mutations. In this report, we describe a proband with MED and congenital normosmic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH). DNA analysis showed a de novo frameshift variant in FGFR1 likely explaining the HH (p.Arg852Thrfs*165). No other mutation was found after a large gene sequencing panel, exome sequencing and an array CGH, except for a variant of unknown significance in FBN1 (rs755375255), but there were no features of a disease associated with FBN1 mutations and this variant is found a few times in population databases. We thus discuss the possibility that MED might be a new skeletal feature associated with FGFR1 mutations.