Identification of anticancer drugs to radiosensitise -wild-type and mutant colorectal cancer.

Cancer Biol Med 2019 May;16(2):234-246

NIHR University College London Hospitals Biomedical Research Centre, UCL Cancer Institute, University College London, London WC1E 6DD, UK.

Objective: Patients with -mutant colorectal cancer (CRC) have a poor prognosis. Molecular status is not currently used to select which drug to use in combination with radiotherapy. Our aim was to identify drugs that radiosensitise CRC cells with known status.

Methods: We screened 298 oncological drugs with and without ionising radiation in colorectal cancer cells isogenic for . Hits from rank product analysis were validated in a 16-cell line panel of human CRC cell lines, using clonogenic survival assays and xenograft models .

Results: Most consistently identified hits were drugs targeting cell growth/proliferation or DNA damage repair. The most effective class of drugs that radiosensitised wild-type and mutant cell lines was PARP inhibitors. In clonogenic survival assays, talazoparib produced a radiation enhancement ratio of 1.9 in DLD1 (-wildtype) cells and 1.8 in RKO ( V600E) cells. In DLD1 xenografts, talazoparib significantly increased the inhibitory effect of radiation on tumour growth ( ≤ 0.01).

Conclusions: Our method for screening large drug libraries for radiosensitisation has identified PARP inhibitors as promising radiosensitisers of colorectal cancer cells with wild-type and mutant backgrounds.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.20892/j.issn.2095-3941.2018.0284DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6713640PMC
May 2019

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