Cardiac function modulation depends on the A-kinase anchoring protein complex.

J Cell Mol Med 2019 Nov 11;23(11):7170-7179. Epub 2019 Sep 11.

Department of Cardiology, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

The A-kinase anchoring proteins (AKAPs) are a group of structurally diverse proteins identified in various species and tissues. These proteins are able to anchor protein kinase and other signalling proteins to regulate cardiac function. Acting as a scaffold protein, AKAPs ensure specificity in signal transduction by enzymes close to their appropriate effectors and substrates. Over the decades, more than 70 different AKAPs have been discovered. Accumulative evidence indicates that AKAPs play crucial roles in the functional regulation of cardiac diseases, including cardiac hypertrophy, myofibre contractility dysfunction and arrhythmias. By anchoring different partner proteins (PKA, PKC, PKD and LTCCs), AKAPs take part in different regulatory pathways to function as regulators in the heart, and a damaged structure can influence the activities of these complexes. In this review, we highlight recent advances in AKAP-associated protein complexes, focusing on local signalling events that are perturbed in cardiac diseases and their roles in interacting with ion channels and their regulatory molecules. These new findings suggest that AKAPs might have potential therapeutic value in patients with cardiac diseases, particularly malignant rhythm.

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jcmm.14659
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcmm.14659DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6815827PMC
November 2019
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