Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 2019 12 11;317(6):C1172-C1182. Epub 2019 Sep 11.
Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea.
Selenoprotein W (SelW) is a selenium-containing protein with a redox motif found abundantly in the skeletal muscle of rodents. Previous in vitro studies suggest that SelW plays an antioxidant role; however, relatively few in vivo studies have addressed the antioxidant role of SelW. Since oxidative stress is a causative factor for the development of insulin resistance in obese subjects, we hypothesized that if SelW plays a role as an antioxidant, SelW deficiency could aggravate the oxidative stress and insulin resistance caused by a high-fat diet. SelW deficiency did not affect insulin sensitivity and HO levels in the skeletal muscle of control diet-fed mice. SelW levels in the skeletal muscle were decreased by high-fat diet feeding for 12 wk. High-fat diet induced obesity and insulin resistance and increased the levels of HO and oxidative stress makers, which were not affected by SelW deficiency. High-fat diet feeding increased the expression of antioxidant enzymes; however, SelW deficiency did not affect the expression levels of antioxidants. These results suggest that SelW does not play a protective role against oxidative stress and insulin resistance in the skeletal muscle of high-fat diet-fed obese mice.