ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2019 Sep 10;11(38):34869-34877. Epub 2019 Sep 10.
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of New Power Batteries, Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Biomedical Functional Materials, School of Chemistry and Materials Science , Nanjing Normal University , Nanjing 210023 , China.
Tailoring composition and structure are significantly important to improve the utilization and optimize the performance of the precious Pt catalyst toward various reactions, which greatly relies on the feasible synthesis approach. Herein, we demonstrate that Cu-rich CuPt alloys with unique excavated dodecahedral frame-like structure (CuPt nanoframes) can be synthesized via simply adjusting the amounts of salt precursors and surfactants under hydrothermal conditions. It is established that the presence of hexamethylenetetramine and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, as well as the selection of a proper Pt/Cu ratio are key for the acquisition of the target product. The immediate appeal of this material stems from frame-like architecture and ultralow Pt content involved, which can be used to greatly improve the utilization efficiency of Pt atoms. When benchmarked against commercial catalysts, the developed CuPt nanostructures display superior electrocatalytic performance toward formic acid oxidation, owing to unique electronic effect and ensemble effect. This work elucidates a promising methodology for the synthesis of Pt-based nanostructures while highlights the significance of composition and structure in electrocatalysis.