Surg Obes Relat Dis 2019 10 9;15(10):1719-1728. Epub 2019 Jul 9.
Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Vienna Medical University, Vienna, Austria. Electronic address:
Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is a well-established surgical method for morbid obesity; however, weight regain (WR) after initially good results may be considered an issue, the treatment of which has found no consensus yet.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the different surgical methods treating WR after RYGB that are used at the Vienna Medical University in a larger number of patients, concerning further weight loss, complications, and reoperations.
Setting: University hospital, Austria.
Methods: This study includes all patients with RYGB who were reoperated due to WR at the Vienna Medical University by December 2016 (n = 84). The follow-up rate was 93%. The following 4 approaches to treating WR after RYGB were taken: (1) pouch resizing, (2) pouch banding, (3) pouch resizing plus pouch banding, and (4) common limb shortening (i.e., distalization).
Results: The mean maximum excess weight loss referring to the WR procedure in the 4 groups was as follows: group 1: 69.0% ± 35.2%, group 2: 62.8% ± 39.5%, group 3: 83.1% ± 30.9%, and group 4: 81.5% ± 41.6%. Reoperations occurred in the following different groups: group 1 had 2 balloon dilations (20%), groups 2 (n = 13) and 3 (n = 29) had 5 (38% and 17%) band removals each, and group 4 had 9 reversal procedures due to malnutrition (30%).
Conclusions: There are nonsignificant differences in terms of additional weight loss between the different methods. However, differences lay in the areas of adverse symptoms and further reoperations. While there was no risk of malnutrition with pouch resizing, there was with distalization. Pouch banding (with or without resizing) poses a higher risk of dysphagia.