Diagnostic accuracy of human chorionic gonadotropins (HCG) stimulation test in XY-disorders of sex development (XY-DSD) presented in Armed Forces Institute of Pathology.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Aug;69(8):1090-1093

Armed Forced Institute of Pathology, Rawalpindi.

Objective: To determine diagnostic accuracy of human chorionic gonadotropins stimulation test in differentiating androgen insensitivity syndrome and 5-alpha reductase deficiency, keeping testosterone to dihydrotestosterone ratio as the gold standard.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted at the Department of Chemical Pathology and Endocrinology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from January to December, 2016, and comprised patients aged 01 day to 20 years having XY chromosomes on karyotyping and with a spectrum of phenotypes. Blood samples were collected from each subject for basal serum testosterone, serum luteinizing hormone and serum follicular stimulating hormone level. Human chorionic gonadotropins stimulation test was performed in every subject as per the protocol. Sandwich chemiluminescence immunoassay technique was used to analyse serum samples. Serum dihydrotestosterone level was also detected to determine testosterone and dihydrotestosterone ratio. Data was analysed using SPSS 24. .

Results: Of the 104 subjects with a mean age of 1.78}0.95 years,96(92.3%) were diagnosed as cases of androgen insensitivity syndrome on the basis of human chorionic gonadotropins stimulation response level, which was 2-9 times of basal serum testosterone level. Also, 8(7.7%) subjects were diagnosed to have 5-alpha reductase deficiency syndrome. In such subjects, post-human chorionic gonadotropins response level of serum testosterone was more than 10 times of the basal level.

Conclusions: The human chorionic gonadotropins stimulation test was found to be comparable to testosterone-to dihydrotestosterone ratio in differentiating between case of androgen insensitivity syndrome and 5-alpha reductase deficiency.

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August 2019
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