Dexmedetomidine versus Midazolam-Fentanyl in Procedural Analgesia Sedation for Reduction of Anterior Shoulder Dislocation: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Rev Recent Clin Trials 2019 ;14(4):269-274

Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Background: Shoulder joint dislocation is the most common dislocation of joints in the body. To reduce the anterior shoulder dislocation, it is necessary to have analgesia and sedation.

Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, patients were divided into two equal groups. Group I received midazolam-fentanyl (0.05 mg/kg fentanyl at a dose of 1 µg/kg) for 10 minutes and group II received dexmedetomidine (1 µg/kg in the initial dose and then 0.2 µg/kg/h) for 10 minutes. The levels of analgesia according to VAS criteria and the time to reach desired sedation were compared between the two groups.

Results: A total of 60 patients participated in this study. The time to reach the desired sedation was 8.60 ± 2.3 minutes in the dexmedetomidine group and 11.27 ± 3.57 minutes in the midazolamfentanyl group (p= 0.001). Also, the VAS score in both midazolam-fentanyl and dexmedetomidine groups was 3.3 ± 1.24 and 2.57 ± 0.9, respectively. The differences were statistically significant (p=0.015). There was significant relationship between the time to reach desired sedation and the level of analgesia. Moreover, there was no significant difference between patient age and the time to reach the desired level of analgesia. During this study, no side effect was observed.

Conclusion: The findings of this study show that dexmedetomidine provides a higher level of analgesia than midazolam-fentanyl. Moreover, it was also shown that dexmedetomidine causes quicker procedural sedation than midazolam-fentanyl.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1574887114666190809160419DOI Listing
May 2020

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