Exogenous polyamines enhance resistance to Alternaria alternata by modulating redox homeostasis in apricot fruit.

Authors:
Prof. Dov Prusky, PhD
Prof. Dov Prusky, PhD
Agricultural Research Organization
Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce
Bet Dagan | Israel

Food Chem 2019 Dec 31;301:125303. Epub 2019 Jul 31.

College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, PR China; Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Beit Dagan, Israel. Electronic address:

The effects of exogenous polyamines treatment on reactive oxygen species (ROS) metabolism in apricot fruits were systematically analyzed through the investigation of their curative and preventive effects on black spot disease. Results showed that 1.5 mM spermine (Spm), 1.5 mM spermidine (Spd) and 10 mM putrescine (Put) treatment significantly inhibited black spot development, additionally, the efficacy of this control was dependent upon the type of polyamines used and concentration level applied. Further studies have shown that exogenous polyamines treatments significantly improved production of O and HO, and increased the activities and gene expression levels of NADPH oxidase (NOX), super oxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) ascorbate peroxidase (AXP) and glutathione reductase (GR) in apricot fruit. Increased ascorbic acid (AsA) and reduced glutathione (GSH) content were also observed after exogenous polyamines treatment. These results have revealed that postharvest polyamines treatment effectively enhanced disease resistance through the maintenance of homeostasis in apricot fruits.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.125303DOI Listing
December 2019
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