Calcif Tissue Int 2019 Oct 25;105(4):373-382. Epub 2019 Jul 25.
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 88 Olympic-ro 43-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 05505, Republic of Korea.
Despite many studies about local and systemic interactions between bone and muscle, the more dominant interaction remains unclear. We aimed to compare the association of skeletal muscle mass with bone mineral density (BMD) at the femur, which seemed more likely affected by local interaction, and the association of skeletal muscle mass with BMD at the lumbar spine (LS-BMD) and the trabecular bone score (TBS), which seemed more likely affected by systemic interaction. In 279 women, we measured the femoral neck BMD (FN-BMD), total hip BMD (TH-BMD), LS-BMD, and TBS. Appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM), lean mass (LM), and other LM (OLM; remaining LM excluding ASM) were measured using bioelectrical impedance analysis. ASM (β = 0.008-0.014, p < 0.001-0.014), OLM (β = 0.006-0.011, p < 0.001-0.044), and LM (β = 0.004-0.007, p < 0.001-0.020) were positively associated with FN-BMD and TH-BMD, but not with LS-BMD or TBS. The positive association of ASM, but not of OLM, was stronger than that of LM (p = 0.023). Odd ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for osteoporosis were statistically significant for ASM (OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.59-0.93) and marginally significant for OLM (OR 0.80, 95% CI 0.64-1.01) in the femur, but not in the LS. The direct and indirect (through OLM) effects of ASM on BMD were 69.1-72.2% and 27.8-30.9%, respectively. In the conclusion, ASM was more positively associated with FN-BMD, but not with LS-BMD and TBS, than OLM. This suggests stronger effects of local interaction than systemic interaction between muscle and bone.