J Vasc Surg Cases Innov Tech 2019 Sep 25;5(3):261-263. Epub 2019 Jun 25.
Aortic Institute at Yale-New Haven Hospital, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn.
Aortoesophageal fistula after thoracic endovascular aortic repair is a rare but fatal complication, and no clear guidelines exist in the literature for optimal management. Herein, we report a complex case of a patient with an infected thoracic endograft that led to an aortoesophageal fistula. The treatment comprised a two-stage open surgical approach-an extra-anatomic aortic bypass in the first stage, followed by explantation of the infected endograft with ligation of the descending thoracic aorta in the second. This approach controls the focus of infection while allowing flow to the aorta distal to the infected endograft, minimizing visceral ischemia time.