Oral keratosis of unknown significance shares genomic overlap with oral dysplasia.

Oral Dis 2019 Oct 23;25(7):1707-1714. Epub 2019 Jul 23.

Division of Oral Medicine and Dentistry, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objectives: To identify molecular characteristics of keratosis of unknown significance and to nominate pathways of molecular progression to oral cancer. Our work could provide a rationale for monitoring and treating these lesions definitively.

Methods: Patients with oral leukoplakia were eligible for our prospective observational study. We correlated alterations in cancer-associated genes with clinical and histopathologic variables (keratosis of unknown significance vs. moderate-to-severe dysplasia) and compared these alterations to a previously molecularly characterized oral cancer population.

Results: Of 20 enrolled patients, 13 (65%) had evidence of keratosis of unknown significance, while seven (35%) had dysplasia. Nine patients (45%) developed oral cancer (4/13 with keratosis of unknown significance, 5/7 with dysplasia). At a median follow-up of 67 (range 22-144) months, median overall survival was significantly shorter for patients with dysplasia (hazard ratio 0.11, p = .02). KMT2C and TP53 alterations were most frequent (75% and 35%, respectively). There were molecular similarities between keratosis of unknown significance and dysplasia patients, with no significant differences in mutational frequency among genes with ≥15% rate of alteration.

Conclusions: Among patients with leukoplakia, both patients with keratosis of unknown significance and patients with dysplasia developed oral cancer. Molecular alterations between these two groups were similar at this sample size.

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/odi.13155DOI Listing
October 2019

Publication Analysis

Top Keywords

unknown significance
28
keratosis unknown
28
oral cancer
16
patients
8
developed oral
8
patients dysplasia
8
dysplasia patients
8
oral
7
unknown
7
dysplasia
7
significance
7
keratosis
6
significance 5/7
4
4/13 keratosis
4
median survival
4
5/7 dysplasia
4
cancer 4/13
4
dysplasia median
4
median follow-up
4
45% developed
4

Similar Publications