Diabetes Metab Syndr 2019 May - Jun;13(3):1689-1697. Epub 2019 Mar 23.
Student Research Committee, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.
Background: Metabolic syndrome is a serious health problem and is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to determine the status of these two diseases in the rural population of Kurdistan province, west of Iran.
Methods: In this cross sectional study, 10,496 villagers of Kurdistan province during the period from March 2011 to February 2017 were selected through randomized systematic sampling. Required information was collected using pre-made check list and the examinations were performed. The data were analyzed with SPSS v22 software using chi-square test.
Results: In the present study, the mean age of the population was 46.0 ± 14.13 y/o and 49.2% people were male and 50.8% were female. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 22.1% and for type 2 diabetes the prevalence was 19.6%. Hypertension was significantly higher in women (p < 0.001). There was a significant difference between the two sexes in terms of waist circumference, type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome. There was a significant difference between age groups with hypertension, waist circumference, type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome (p < 0.001) and a significant relationship between educational status with hypertention, waist circumference, type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome (p < 0.001). The results also showed that the relationships between age group and gender with BMI was significant (P < 0.001).
Conclusion: The prevalence of diabetes in the rural population of Kordestan province is moderate but it has a high prevalence in metabolic syndrome. Educational and healthcare interventions seem to be necessary to reduce these prevalences, especially among women and in older ages.