J Environ Manage 2019 Aug 18;244:119-126. Epub 2019 May 18.
School of Metallurgy, Northeastern University, Shenyang, 110819, Liaoning, China; Liaoning Key Laboratory for Recycling Science of Metallurgical Resources, Shenyang, 110819, Liaoning, China.
Chromium-containing vanadium tailings (CCVT), an industrial waste, were utilized to extract chromium efficiently by soda roasting-water leaching process and for the preparation of highly pure chromium oxide. The effect of extraction of chromium under different roasting and leaching conditions were analyzed using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The maximum chromium extraction rate of 91.51% was obtained when soda (NaCO) and CCVT were mixed in a molar ratio (n (NaCO)/n (CrO)) of 8, roasted at 900 °C and maintained for 120 min. Then, the roasted product was leached in water at 60 °C for 60 min with a liquid-solid mass ratio (L/S) of 10. During soda roasting, the chromium-containing phase (FeCr)O combines with NaCO to form NaCrO, which was then transferred into the leaching liquid, post water leaching. The by-products such as NaFeTiO, NaCaSiO, and NaFeSiO were left in the leaching residue which was called chromium tailings (CT). 87.40% chromium oxide was recovered from the unpurified leaching liquid after reduction and precipitation by adding NaS, followed by roasting the deposit. This process not only relieved the potential threat of the industrial waste CCVT to the environment but also realized the recovery of the valuable element chromium.