Am J Transl Res 2019 15;11(4):2117-2139. Epub 2019 Apr 15.
Department of Pathology, Xinqiao Hospital, Army Medical University Chongqing 400037, People's Republic of China.
A lack of understanding of the molecular basis underlying the regulation of metastatic disease and its effective therapy are the primary causes of high mortality in osteosarcoma. Thus, new insights into metastases and novel effective targets for metastatic osteosarcoma are urgently required. Anoikis resistance is considered a hallmark of cancer cells with metastatic ability. However, the molecular mechanism of anoikis is poorly understood in osteosarcoma. We applied immunohistochemistry to investigate the correlation between inhibitor of differentiation or DNA binding 1 (ID1) and clinicopathological features, and investigated the correlation between ID1 and the metastatic behavior of osteosarcoma cells, in vitro and in vivo. The results revealed that ID1 is overexpressed in human osteosarcoma tissues, is positively associated with lung metastases, and is a potential biomarker of poor prognosis. Overexpression of ID1 could increase anoikis insensitivity of osteosarcoma cells to facilitate metastasis through the PI3K/AKT-dependent mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. Knockdown of ID1 partly reversed the high potential of metastasis in anoikis-resistant osteosarcoma cells. Our findings revealed, that ID1 is a candidate molecular target for metastatic potential osteosarcoma by highlighting the role of anoikis resistance. In addition ID1 might be a potential predictor of poor prognosis in patients with osteosarcoma.