Leuk Lymphoma 2019 Dec 16;60(12):2960-2967. Epub 2019 May 16.
Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
The prognostic significance of novel agent-induced thrombocytopenia in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) is unknown. We identified 665 newly diagnosed patients receiving proteasome inhibitors and/or immunomodulators with pretreatment platelet counts ≥100,000/µL. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 1.88 years (95% CI 1.48-2.38) for patients who developed treatment-related thrombocytopenia (<100,000/µL) within sixty days of initiation of first-line therapy, compared to 2.64 years (95% CI 2.39-2.78) in patients who did not ( = .042), while median overall survival (OS) was 5.70 years (95% CI 3.02-9.00) and 8.43 years (95% CI 6.62-9.17), respectively ( = .030). Platelet count reduction >70% from pretreatment baseline was similarly predictive of inferior PFS and OS. This is the first study to demonstrate the predictive and prognostic value of treatment-related thrombocytopenia in newly diagnosed MM.