Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2019 Aug 23;101:438-447. Epub 2019 Mar 23.
Department of Engineering, New Engineering Building, Lancaster University, Gillow Ave, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4YW, UK.
With an increase in the demand for skin regeneration products, there is a noticeable increase in developing materials that encourage, wound healing and skin regeneration. It has been reported that antioxidants play an important role in anti-inflammatory reactions, cellular proliferation and remodeling phase of wound healing. While consideration all these factors, a novel α-tocopherol acetate (vitamin E) (VE) loaded bi-layered electrospun membrane, based on lower polycaprolactone (PCL) layer and upper polylactic acid (PLA) layer, was fabricated through electrospinning. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), in-vitro degradation studies, swelling studies and VE release studies were performed to evaluate structural, physical and in-vitro behavior of membranes. Biological properties of membranes were evaluated through cell proliferation assay, cell adhesion studies, live/dead cell assay and CAM assay. SEM images showed that the average diameter of nanofibers ranged from 1 to 6 μm, while addition of VE changed the diameter and morphology of fibers. Bi-layered membranes showed significant swelling behavior through water uptake, membranes loaded with 30% VE showed 8.7% and 6.8% degradation in lysozyme and HO respectively. 20% and 30% VE loaded membranes followed Korsmeyer-Peppas and first order drug release kinetics followed by non-fickian drug release kinetics. Membranes showed non-toxic behavior and supported cell proliferation via alamar blue assay, cell adhesion via SEM, cell viability via live/dead assay and wound healing by scratch assay. CAM assay showed that membranes having VE supported angiogenesis and showed significant formation of blood vessels making it suitable for skin regeneration and wound healing. Results showed that large surface area of nanofibers, porous structure and biocompatible nature are suitable for targeted clinical applications.