Effect of High Fiber Cereal Intake on Satiety and Gastrointestinal Symptoms during Ramadan.

Nutrients 2019 Apr 25;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 25.

Nutrition and Health Department, College of Food and Agriculture, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain 15551, UAE.

(1) Background: Fasting during Ramadan involves large changes in daily eating patterns which strongly impacts the daily biorhythm and challenges the regular function of the digestive tract. The aim of this study was to assess satiety, bowel habits, body composition, blood glycaemia, and blood lipidemia after the consumption of high fiber cereal at dawn (Sohor) during the month of Ramadan; (2) Methods: A two-arm randomized, controlled, single-blinded, parallel-design study was conducted in Ramadan month. Participants were randomized to consume either 90 g of high fiber cereal (11 g fiber/90 g) at Sohor for 20 consecutive days (intervention group, = 45) or to maintain their habitual diet intake (control group; = 36); (3) Results: The intervention group reported higher satiety rating scores, improved bowel habits and reduced bloating frequency after the 20-day intervention. Significantly higher intake of carbohydrates and dietary fiber were observed in the intervention group. Total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol were significantly lower among the intervention group compared to the control group (-value = 0.043, and -value = 0.033, respectively) at the end of the intervention. No significant differences in body weight, body fat percentage, waist circumference, body mass index, blood glucose, high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides were observed between the two groups; (4) Conclusions: Consuming high fiber cereal had a positive effect on health and well-being during the month of Ramadan with better satiety, improved bowel functions, and improved blood lipids.

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Source
https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/11/4/939
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040939DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6521042PMC
April 2019
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References

(Supplied by CrossRef)

2010
Dietary Fiber Definition Committee: Definition of dietary fiber: Report of the Dietary Fiber Definition Committee to the Board of Directors of the American Association of Cereal Chemists
Cereal Foods World 2001
Ready-to-eat cereals: Role in a balanced diet
Toma et al.
Cereal Foods World 1989

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