IUBMB Life 2019 Apr 24. Epub 2019 Apr 24.
Department of Infectious Diseases, Key Laboratory of Hunan Viral Hepatitis, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.
The objective of this study was to investigate the mechanism by which miR-146a-5p mediated autophagy and hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to determine the mRNA expression levels of miR-146a-5p and X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) and HBV DNA and RNA. The protein expression levels of XIAP, IκB-α, murine double minute 2 oncoprotein (MDM2) and p53, the phosphorylation of p65, and the conversion of light chain 3 (LC3)-I to LC3-II were detected by Western blotting. The expression levels of XIAP, HBV-related pro-inflammatory cytokines, and serum markers were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). miR-146a-5p was highly expressed in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and HBV-expressing hepatocytes. HBV core protein (HBc) and HBV X protein (HBx) were responsible for its effects on miR-146a-5p expression through the nuclear factor-κB pathway. Furthermore, the miR-146a-5p inhibitor suppressed autophagic response and HBV replication as well as MDM2/p53 expression. Luciferase reporter assay confirmed that XIAP was a direct target of miR-146a-5p. We therefore demonstrated that miR-146a-5p mediated positive feedback loop by regulating autophagy-induced HBV replication via targeting the XIAP-mediated MDM2/p53 axis. © 2019 IUBMB Life, 2019.