Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2019 Apr;31(1):33-39
Key Laboratory of National Health Commission on Parasitic Disease Control and Prevention; Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory on Parasite and Vector Control Technology; Jiangsu Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Wuxi 214064, China.
Schistosomiasis is one of zoonoses (diseases that are naturally transmitted between vertebrate animals and human),and it is widespread in tropical and sub-tropical regions. It is one of the important infectious diseases that the World Health Organization plans to eliminate. Hybridization within Genus is an emerging public health concern in our changing world. spp. are dioecious trematode, in which there are lots of species infecting human and animals. Several schistosome species also overlap in their geographical and host range, which allows male and female schistosomes of different species to pair within their definitive hosts. The hybridization among different species and the production of dominant hybrid species and changes of their biological characteristics, such as host selectivity, fertility and infectivity, can lead to the evolution of species, regional distribution of the population, the changes of epidemic patterns, and pathogenicity to human and animals, and all of them have an impact on the global schistosomiasis elimination plan.