World Neurosurg 2019 Jul 19;127:e1232-e1236. Epub 2019 Apr 19.
Department of Neurosurgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA; Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.
Background: Flow diversion (FD) has emerged as an effective treatment modality for aneurysms of the posterior communicating artery (PCOM). Whether or not a fetal posterior circulation (FPC) affects PCOM aneurysm occlusion rates after FD remains undetermined.
Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study in which treatment outcomes for FD of PCOM aneurysms from multiple institutions were reviewed. The primary outcome of interest was complete aneurysm occlusion at last follow-up. The presence of a FPC, defined as a PCOM diameter larger than that of the P1 segment, was noted and its relationship to complete aneurysm occlusion was investigated using a Cox proportional hazards model.
Results: There were 49 patients with 49 PCOM aneurysms treated with FD who met inclusion criteria for analysis. A FPC was present in 16 patients (32.7%). Complete aneurysm occlusion was observed in 34 patients (69.4%). Complete occlusion was less common for patients with a FPC (43.7% vs. 81.8%; P = 0.007). For patients with and without a FPC, median time to occlusion was 51 and 6 months, respectively (P = 0.002). Using a multivariable Cox proportional hazards model, a FPC was associated with reduced odds of complete occlusion on last follow-up (risk ratio 0.35, 95% confidence interval 0.14-0.89; P = 0.029).
Conclusions: Our results indicate reduced efficacy of FD for the treatment of PCOM aneurysms associated with a FPC. These findings may influence treatment selection for aneurysms at this location.
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