Department of Surgery, Northwest Community Hospital, Arlington Heights, IL.
Background: Pregnancy is a hypercoagulable state associated with a fivefold increase in the risk of venous thromboembolism. Thrombolysis is the preferred level of care for patients with acute iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis (DVT); however, most studies exclude pregnant patients, highlighting the lack of data regarding the efficacy and safety of thrombolytic therapy for mother and fetus.
Methods: We describe the successful use of thrombolytic therapy in conjunction with ultrasound to remove a large ileofemoral DVT in a first-trimester patient with phlegmasia cerulea dolens. The procedure was performed safely for both mother and fetus.
Results: No radiation or contrast dye was used, and intravascular ultrasound confirmed patency of the entirety of the venous system. She delivered a healthy term baby after the procedure and had no further sequalae.
Conclusion: Thrombolysis with intravascular ultrasound may be considered in first-trimester pregnant patients with threatened limb due to DVT.
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