Acta Trop 2019 Apr 19;195:62-67. Epub 2019 Apr 19.
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom.
Health is the core of development. Health cooperation between countries plays a pivotal role under the Belt and Road Initiative (B&R). In 2013, China launched its B&R to improve the international cooperation of which health was an important component. As one of the neglected zoonotic diseases, echinococcosis has become a public health concern and is on top of the government agenda among neglected zoonosis in Mongolia. The transmission of the disease involves animal husbandry, and its characteristics determine the prevention and control of such diseases which requires cross-sector collaboration and comprehensive prevention and control strategies. Taking echinococcosis as an entry point and adopting a 'Mongolia-led, China-supported, and results-sharing' approach to public health cooperation will not only contribute to the advancement of Mongolia's national health coverage, but also promoting China's capacity to engage in global health. In this way, it contributes to meeting the sustainable development goals, especially goal 3, target 3.3: by 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases. This paper provides an overview on how the cooperation between China and Mongolia under the context of B&R was initiated, planned and moved forward to implementation. The experience may provide a good model and inform policy and practice for other bilateral cooperations.