J Cutan Pathol 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.
Department of Bioscience and Oral Diagnosis, Institute of Science and Technology, São Paulo State University (UNESP), São José dos Campos, Brazil.
Intramuscular hemangioma (IMH) represents less than 1% of all hemangiomas. In the head and neck region, it occurs mostly in the masseter, temporalis and sternocleidomastoid muscles. Despite its infiltrative growth pattern and several worrisome histological features, such as increased mitotic activity, plumpness of the nuclei, intraluminal papillary projections or perineural infiltration, the lesion is benign, and complete surgical excision is the preferred treatment for such oral lesions. Herein, we report three rare cases of IMH in the tongue and lip, discuss the clinical and histological aspects, and review the literature regarding this lesion.