Am J Infect Control 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.
Department of Respiratory Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China. Electronic address:
Background: Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) tops the list of threats to human health. Studies exploring predictors of mortality in patients with CRAB infection produced conflicting results.
Methods: A systematic search of the PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library databases was performed from inception to June 2018 to identify studies reporting mortality predictors in patients infected with CRAB. Two authors independently assessed trials for inclusion and data extraction.
Results: A total of 19 observational studies were enrolled in this study. Factors associated with mortality of patients infected with CRAB were inappropriate empirical antimicrobial treatment (odds ratio [OR], 5.04; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.56-9.94), septic shock (OR, 5.65; 95% CI, 2.35-13.57), chronic liver disease (OR, 2.36; 95% CI, 1.33-4.16), chronic renal disease (OR, 2.02; 95% CI, 1.37-2.99), hypertension (OR, 1.74; 95% CI, 1.08-2.80), neutropenia (OR, 3.31; 95% CI, 1.25-8.77), immunosuppressant use (OR, 3.15; 95% CI, 1.94-5.11), total parenteral nutrition (OR, 1.66; 95% CI, 1.08-2.56), and intubation (OR, 5.03; 95% CI, 2.33-10.87). Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score at admission and Pitt bacteremia score at the onset of CRAB bacteremia were higher in nonsurvivors.
Conclusions: Our study suggests that severity of baseline condition and receiving inappropriate experience antibiotic therapy are major risk factors for higher mortality in patients with CRAB infections. These findings may help clinicians to take appropriate preventive measures and decrease mortality in such patients.