Biological removal of HS gas in a semi-pilot scale biotrickling filter: Optimization of various parameters for efficient removal at high loading rates and low pH conditions.

Authors:
Sungwoo Bae
Sungwoo Bae
University of California
United States
Booki Min
Booki Min
Lerner Research Institute
United States

Bioresour Technol 2019 Aug 8;285:121328. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Kyung Hee University, 1732 Deogyeong-daero, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 17104, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

In this study, a semi-pilot scale biotrickling filter (BTF) was operated in a continuous co-current mode to remove high concentration of hydrogen sulfide (HS) at optimum operational conditions. The early startup period of 6 days was needed, and then stable removal of HS gas at inlet concentrations up to about 2000 ppm was successfully obtained at gas retention time (GRT) of 15 min and liquid recirculation rate (LRR) of 120 ml/min. The elimination capacities (ECs) increased linearly with increase in HS loading rates (HLRs up to 38.5 g/m h), but a gradual decrease in removal efficiency was observed from a volumetric HLR of 18.1 g/m h. The LRR was further decreased from 120 to 30 ml/min, and the minimum liquid-gas ratio of 0.24 was found without decrease in removal efficiency. The MiSeq analysis revealed the presence of sulphur oxidizing bacteria (SOB) dominated by Acidithiobacillus caldus (>97%) at all portions of BTF.

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Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09608524193054
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2019.121328DOI Listing
August 2019
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