Bioresour Technol 2019 Aug 8;285:121328. Epub 2019 Apr 8.
Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Kyung Hee University, 1732 Deogyeong-daero, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 17104, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
In this study, a semi-pilot scale biotrickling filter (BTF) was operated in a continuous co-current mode to remove high concentration of hydrogen sulfide (HS) at optimum operational conditions. The early startup period of 6 days was needed, and then stable removal of HS gas at inlet concentrations up to about 2000 ppm was successfully obtained at gas retention time (GRT) of 15 min and liquid recirculation rate (LRR) of 120 ml/min. The elimination capacities (ECs) increased linearly with increase in HS loading rates (HLRs up to 38.5 g/m h), but a gradual decrease in removal efficiency was observed from a volumetric HLR of 18.1 g/m h. The LRR was further decreased from 120 to 30 ml/min, and the minimum liquid-gas ratio of 0.24 was found without decrease in removal efficiency. The MiSeq analysis revealed the presence of sulphur oxidizing bacteria (SOB) dominated by Acidithiobacillus caldus (>97%) at all portions of BTF.